#### User defined function returns imprecise value when used in worksheet

```I want to create a function to return the gestational age of babies on
their date of birth (DOB) with reference to the due date (the
estimated date of confinement or EDC).

The function I have at the moment is:

Function Gest(DOB As Variant, EDC As Variant) As Single

'Returns the gestation in the form x.y where x is the number of
completed weeks
'and y is the additional days, which can range from 0 to 6.
'
'The calculation is based on the DOB and the EDC, and assumes a normal
pregnancy
'duration of 280 days, with the start being day 0 (not day 1).

Dim Gestation As Double

Gestation = ((280 - (EDC - DOB)) \ 7) + (0.1 * ((280 - (EDC - DOB))
Mod 7))

Gest = Gestation

End Function

When I test this within the immediate window I get the result I expect
eg:
?gest(#14-Jan-01#,#14-Mar-01#)
31.4

However, when using the function in a worksheet with the same DOB and
EDC I see a value of 31.3999996185302 (when I use formula auditing).
I had wanted to compare my calculation to the value displayed in an
existing 'gestation' column.

1.  What is causing this behaviour?
2.  Can I return the function value (as displayed in the immediate
window) to the worksheet cell?

Kind regards,
John McTigue
```
 0
JohnM
12/1/2009 2:08:42 AM
excel.misc 78881 articles. 5 followers.

3 Replies
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```On Mon, 30 Nov 2009 18:08:42 -0800 (PST), JohnM <john.mctigue@health.wa.gov.au>
wrote:

>I want to create a function to return the gestational age of babies on
>their date of birth (DOB) with reference to the due date (the
>estimated date of confinement or EDC).
>
>The function I have at the moment is:
>
>Function Gest(DOB As Variant, EDC As Variant) As Single
>
>'Returns the gestation in the form x.y where x is the number of
>completed weeks
>'and y is the additional days, which can range from 0 to 6.
>'
>'The calculation is based on the DOB and the EDC, and assumes a normal
>pregnancy
>'duration of 280 days, with the start being day 0 (not day 1).
>
>Dim Gestation As Double
>
>Gestation = ((280 - (EDC - DOB)) \ 7) + (0.1 * ((280 - (EDC - DOB))
>Mod 7))
>
>Gest = Gestation
>
>End Function
>
>When I test this within the immediate window I get the result I expect
>eg:
>?gest(#14-Jan-01#,#14-Mar-01#)
> 31.4
>
>However, when using the function in a worksheet with the same DOB and
>EDC I see a value of 31.3999996185302 (when I use formula auditing).
>I had wanted to compare my calculation to the value displayed in an
>existing 'gestation' column.
>
>1.  What is causing this behaviour?
>2.  Can I return the function value (as displayed in the immediate
>window) to the worksheet cell?
>
>Kind regards,
>John McTigue

I would suggest:

======================
Function Gest(DOB As Date, EDC As Date) As Double
Gest = Round(((280 - (EDC - DOB)) \ 7) + _
(0.1 * ((280 - (EDC - DOB)) Mod 7)), 1)
End Function
======================

Empirically, there seems to be an issue with how Excel displays a Single.  It
undoubtedly has to do with the level of precision available and the fact that
decimal digits can not always be accurately expressed in binary notation.
--ron
```
 0
Ron
12/1/2009 3:11:58 AM
```On Dec 1, 11:11=A0am, Ron Rosenfeld <ronrosenf...@nospam.org> wrote:
> On Mon, 30 Nov 2009 18:08:42 -0800 (PST), JohnM <john.mcti...@health.wa.g=
ov.au>
> wrote:
>
>
>
>
>
> >I want to create a function to return the gestational age of babies on
> >their date of birth (DOB) with reference to the due date (the
> >estimated date of confinement or EDC).
>
> >The function I have at the moment is:
>
> >Function Gest(DOB As Variant, EDC As Variant) As Single
>
> >'Returns the gestation in the form x.y where x is the number of
> >completed weeks
> >'and y is the additional days, which can range from 0 to 6.
> >'
> >'The calculation is based on the DOB and the EDC, and assumes a normal
> >pregnancy
> >'duration of 280 days, with the start being day 0 (not day 1).
>
> >Dim Gestation As Double
>
> >Gestation =3D ((280 - (EDC - DOB)) \ 7) + (0.1 * ((280 - (EDC - DOB))
> >Mod 7))
>
> >Gest =3D Gestation
>
> >End Function
>
> >When I test this within the immediate window I get the result I expect
> >eg:
> >?gest(#14-Jan-01#,#14-Mar-01#)
> > 31.4
>
> >However, when using the function in a worksheet with the same DOB and
> >EDC I see a value of 31.3999996185302 (when I use formula auditing).
> >I had wanted to compare my calculation to the value displayed in an
> >existing 'gestation' column.
>
> >1. =A0What is causing this behaviour?
> >2. =A0Can I return the function value (as displayed in the immediate
> >window) to the worksheet cell?
>
> >Kind regards,
> >John McTigue
>
> I would suggest:
>
> =3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D
> Function Gest(DOB As Date, EDC As Date) As Double
> =A0 Gest =3D Round(((280 - (EDC - DOB)) \ 7) + _
> =A0 =A0 (0.1 * ((280 - (EDC - DOB)) Mod 7)), 1)
> End Function
> =3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D
>
> Empirically, there seems to be an issue with how Excel displays a Single.=
=A0It
> undoubtedly has to do with the level of precision available and the fact =
that
> decimal digits can not always be accurately expressed in binary notation.
> --ron- Hide quoted text -
>
> - Show quoted text -

Thank you for the suggestion, Ron.  It works just as I wanted.
```
 0
JohnM
12/1/2009 5:18:18 AM
```On Mon, 30 Nov 2009 21:18:18 -0800 (PST), JohnM <john.mctigue@health.wa.gov.au>
wrote:

>Thank you for the suggestion, Ron.  It works just as I wanted.

Glad to help.  Thanks for the feedback.
--ron
```
 0
Ron
12/1/2009 12:52:36 PM

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