Date Brackets as an IIf statement

```Looking for help writing two IIF queries that will put some dates into
brackets. I have some sku's that have a expiration date and the idea is to
put the product into 1 of 5 brackets. The brackets are:

Brackets:
Age Date Bracket Code 1. Age Date Bracket Desc "Greater than 6 months left",
= > 181 days
Age Date Bracket Code 2.  Age Date Bracket Desc "6 months to 3 months" = 91
up to 180 days
Age Date Bracket Code 3.  Age Date Bracket Desc "3 months to 1 month" = 31
up to 90 days
Age Date Bracket Code 4.  Age Date Bracket Desc "1 month left" = 1 up to 30
Age Date Bracket Code 5.  Age Date Bracket Desc "expired" = <=0

I have the following in my data: Production Date, Shelf Life, and Expiration
Date. Can someone help me make two fields: Age Date Bracket Code and a Age
Date Bracket Description?

Test Data is as follows:
Production DT   Shelf Life   Expiration DT   Age DT CD   Age DT DESC
12/22/2009       365           12/20/2010         1              New Product
10/22/2009       365           10/22/2010         1              New Product
10/21/2009       365           10/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
3 months left
06/21/2009       365           06/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
3 months left
06/20/2009       365           06/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
to 1 months left
05/22/2009       365           05/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
to 1 months left
05/21/2009       365           05/21/2010         4              Critical, 1
months left
10/24/2009       180           04/22/2010         4              Critical, 1
months left
10/23/2009       180           04/21/2010         5              Expired

Any help create a IIF statement in my query is greatly appreciated.

Regards,
Gary
```
 0
Utf
4/21/2010 5:24:03 PM
access.queries 6343 articles. 1 followers.

3 Replies
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```NOTE: I have wrote my statement as follows:
Age_DT_CD: IIf([# of Days left]<=0,"5",IIf([# of Days left] Between 0 And
30,"4",IIf([# of Days left] Between 31 And 90,"3"),IIf([# of Days left]
Between 91 And 180,"2"),IIf([# of Days left] >180,"1")))))

Currently

"Gary" wrote:

> Looking for help writing two IIF queries that will put some dates into
> brackets. I have some sku's that have a expiration date and the idea is to
> put the product into 1 of 5 brackets. The brackets are:
>
> Brackets:
> Age Date Bracket Code 1. Age Date Bracket Desc "Greater than 6 months left",
> = > 181 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 2.  Age Date Bracket Desc "6 months to 3 months" = 91
> up to 180 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 3.  Age Date Bracket Desc "3 months to 1 month" = 31
> up to 90 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 4.  Age Date Bracket Desc "1 month left" = 1 up to 30
> Age Date Bracket Code 5.  Age Date Bracket Desc "expired" = <=0
>
> I have the following in my data: Production Date, Shelf Life, and Expiration
> Date. Can someone help me make two fields: Age Date Bracket Code and a Age
> Date Bracket Description?
>
> Test Data is as follows:
> Production DT   Shelf Life   Expiration DT   Age DT CD   Age DT DESC
> 12/22/2009       365           12/20/2010         1              New Product
> 10/22/2009       365           10/22/2010         1              New Product
> 10/21/2009       365           10/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
> 3 months left
> 06/21/2009       365           06/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
> 3 months left
> 06/20/2009       365           06/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
> to 1 months left
> 05/22/2009       365           05/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
> to 1 months left
> 05/21/2009       365           05/21/2010         4              Critical, 1
> months left
> 10/24/2009       180           04/22/2010         4              Critical, 1
> months left
> 10/23/2009       180           04/21/2010         5              Expired
>
> Any help create a IIF statement in my query is greatly appreciated.
>
> Regards,
> Gary
```
 0
Utf
4/21/2010 6:11:03 PM
```Once you next about 3 IIf's, things get hard to maintain. Instead you can use
Select Case within a function inside a module. Then you can call upon it in a
query/SQL statement. Below is an example.

Function fTiers(strTiers As Variant) As String
Dim TheTier As String
Select Case strTiers
Case Is 1
TheTier = "Greater than 6 months left"
Case = 2
TheTier = "6 months to 3 months"
Case = 3
TheTier = "3 months to 1 month"
Case = 4
TheTier = "1 month left"
Case = 5
TheTier = "expired"
Case Else    ' Other values.
TheTier = "Not Tier"
End Select
fTiers = TheTier
End Function

Then in the query field put something like:

Age Date Bracket Desc: fTiers([Age DT CD])

--
Jerry Whittle, Microsoft Access MVP
Light. Strong. Cheap. Pick two. Keith Bontrager - Bicycle Builder.

"Gary" wrote:

> Looking for help writing two IIF queries that will put some dates into
> brackets. I have some sku's that have a expiration date and the idea is to
> put the product into 1 of 5 brackets. The brackets are:
>
> Brackets:
> Age Date Bracket Code 1. Age Date Bracket Desc "Greater than 6 months left",
> = > 181 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 2.  Age Date Bracket Desc "6 months to 3 months" = 91
> up to 180 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 3.  Age Date Bracket Desc "3 months to 1 month" = 31
> up to 90 days
> Age Date Bracket Code 4.  Age Date Bracket Desc "1 month left" = 1 up to 30
> Age Date Bracket Code 5.  Age Date Bracket Desc "expired" = <=0
>
> I have the following in my data: Production Date, Shelf Life, and Expiration
> Date. Can someone help me make two fields: Age Date Bracket Code and a Age
> Date Bracket Description?
>
> Test Data is as follows:
> Production DT   Shelf Life   Expiration DT   Age DT CD   Age DT DESC
> 12/22/2009       365           12/20/2010         1              New Product
> 10/22/2009       365           10/22/2010         1              New Product
> 10/21/2009       365           10/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
> 3 months left
> 06/21/2009       365           06/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
> 3 months left
> 06/20/2009       365           06/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
> to 1 months left
> 05/22/2009       365           05/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
> to 1 months left
> 05/21/2009       365           05/21/2010         4              Critical, 1
> months left
> 10/24/2009       180           04/22/2010         4              Critical, 1
> months left
> 10/23/2009       180           04/21/2010         5              Expired
>
> Any help create a IIF statement in my query is greatly appreciated.
>
> Regards,
> Gary
```
 0
Utf
4/21/2010 6:49:02 PM
```On Wed, 21 Apr 2010 10:24:03 -0700, Gary <Gary@discussions.microsoft.com>
wrote:

>Looking for help writing two IIF queries that will put some dates into
>brackets. I have some sku's that have a expiration date and the idea is to
>put the product into 1 of 5 brackets. The brackets are:
>
>Brackets:
>Age Date Bracket Code 1. Age Date Bracket Desc "Greater than 6 months left",
>= > 181 days
>Age Date Bracket Code 2.  Age Date Bracket Desc "6 months to 3 months" = 91
>up to 180 days
>Age Date Bracket Code 3.  Age Date Bracket Desc "3 months to 1 month" = 31
>up to 90 days
>Age Date Bracket Code 4.  Age Date Bracket Desc "1 month left" = 1 up to 30
>Age Date Bracket Code 5.  Age Date Bracket Desc "expired" = <=0
>
>I have the following in my data: Production Date, Shelf Life, and Expiration
>Date. Can someone help me make two fields: Age Date Bracket Code and a Age
>Date Bracket Description?
>
>Test Data is as follows:
>Production DT   Shelf Life   Expiration DT   Age DT CD   Age DT DESC
>12/22/2009       365           12/20/2010         1              New Product
>10/22/2009       365           10/22/2010         1              New Product
>10/21/2009       365           10/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
>3 months left
>06/21/2009       365           06/21/2010         2              Mild, 6 to
>3 months left
>06/20/2009       365           06/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
>to 1 months left
>05/22/2009       365           05/20/2010         3              Moderat, 3
>to 1 months left
>05/21/2009       365           05/21/2010         4              Critical, 1
>months left
>10/24/2009       180           04/22/2010         4              Critical, 1
>months left
>10/23/2009       180           04/21/2010         5              Expired
>
>Any help create a IIF statement in my query is greatly appreciated.
>
>Regards,
>Gary

I would suggest that IIF is simply the wrong tool for the job. You could use
VBA as Gary suggests, or - perhaps even better - use a table-driven solution.
Create a table with the days cutoff and the label for values less than that
number of days. You can then use an expression like

to calculate the expiration date, and

DateDiff("d", DateAdd("d", [Shelf Life], [Production Date]), Date())

to calculate the number of days until (or past) the expiration. Join this
field to your table of labels to get the appropriate label for today.
--

John W. Vinson [MVP]
```
 0
John
4/22/2010 5:15:59 AM

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