#### Random Distribution

```I need to randomly order numbers from a list or range of consecutive whole
numbers, such that each number is listed only once.  Can this be done in
excel using functions, formulas or whatever?  I want to incorporate it into
a spreadsheet with a macro to automatically generate the list and use it to
randomly designate selected entries.
```
 0
forum1 (79)
4/28/2005 8:50:10 PM
excel.misc 78881 articles. 5 followers.

3 Replies
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```
"Rick via OfficeKB.com" wrote:

> I need to randomly order numbers from a list or range of consecutive whole
> numbers, such that each number is listed only once.  Can this be done in
> excel using functions, formulas or whatever?  I want to incorporate it into
> a spreadsheet with a macro to automatically generate the list and use it to
> randomly designate selected entries.
>

Rick

If your numbers are from 1 to n try the Rank function with rand(). Say F2:F5
have the function Rand(). In G2 enter =RANK(F2,\$F\$2:\$F\$5,0) and copy down.

Regards
Peter

```
 0
4/28/2005 9:46:06 PM
```This solution doesn't seem to work - I can get it to produce a list of
random whole numbers ranging from 1 to 50 using the formula =rand()*(50-1)
+1, then rounding that to 0 decimals (if I just use rand() as suggested it
produces a list ranging between 0 and 1) but any given number may be
repeated multiple times and all numbers are not represented.  Then
everytime I apply the next step it recalculates the random list.  For
example, when I then enter the suggested formula in the adjacent column it
recalculates the random list.  When I then copy the formula in the first
cell to the remaining cells in that column it again recalculateds the
random list again.  When I then highilght the adjacent column and
copy/paste values (to remove the formula so I can sort in order) it again
recalculates the ramdom list.  When I sort the adjacent column, which also
recalculates the list, it becomes apparent that all numbers in the range
are not represented and some are represented multiple times.  Short version
- it doesn't work (unless I'm just not doing it right).

--
Message posted via http://www.officekb.com
```
 0
forum (466)
4/29/2005 12:44:32 PM
```Rick
To get random whole numbers 1 to 50 use
a1> =rand()
b1> =rank(a1,A\$1:A\$50,0)+countif(A\$1:A1,A1)
c1> =rank(B1,B\$1:B\$50),0)

copy A1:C1 to A1:C50
Column C will give you distinct numbers from 1 to 50.

To avoid recalculation you have to copy C1:C50 and paste as values
somewhere.
Bob

On Fri, 29 Apr 2005 12:44:32 GMT, "Rick via OfficeKB.com"
<forum@OfficeKB.com> wrote:

>This solution doesn't seem to work - I can get it to produce a list of
>random whole numbers ranging from 1 to 50 using the formula =rand()*(50-1)
>+1, then rounding that to 0 decimals (if I just use rand() as suggested it
>produces a list ranging between 0 and 1) but any given number may be
>repeated multiple times and all numbers are not represented.  Then
>everytime I apply the next step it recalculates the random list.  For
>example, when I then enter the suggested formula in the adjacent column it
>recalculates the random list.  When I then copy the formula in the first
>cell to the remaining cells in that column it again recalculateds the
>random list again.  When I then highilght the adjacent column and
>copy/paste values (to remove the formula so I can sort in order) it again
>recalculates the ramdom list.  When I sort the adjacent column, which also
>recalculates the list, it becomes apparent that all numbers in the range
>are not represented and some are represented multiple times.  Short version
>- it doesn't work (unless I'm just not doing it right).

```
 0
4/29/2005 6:53:42 PM

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